Angiospermae (Flowering plants)
Angiosperms (Seed Plants)
A.L. de Jussieu
The Liliaceae are mostly perennial herbs from bulbs, comprising about 13 genera and 400 species. The leaves are alternate or whorled, simple, parallel-veined; stipules absent. The flowers are bisexual, actinomorphic or weakly zygomorphic, often showy. The perianth typically consists of two whorls of undifferentiated or weakly differentiated petaloid tepals with 3 distinct members in each whorl. The androecium usually consists of 6 fertile stamens with distinct filaments. The gynoecium typically consists of a single compound pistil of 3 carpels, a single style commonly with 3 stigmas, and a superior ovary with 3 locules, each containing numerous axile ovules. The fruit is a loculicidal capsule or sometimes a berry. Seeds usually flat and disk-shaped; seed coat not black.
Widely distributed in temperate regions of the Northern hemisphere; mainly spring-blooming plants of prairies, moutain meadows and other open communities.
Fritillaria (100), Gagea (90), Tulipa (80), and Lilium (80)
Manoa Campus Accession(s)
Lyon Arboretum Accession(s):
Phylogeny Website, Wikipedia
Radial to slightly Bilateral.
+, Weakly Differentiated.
3, Petaloid, Hypogynous.
6, Distinct, Hypogynous.
Syncarpous, Pistil=1, Carpels/pistil=3, Locules/pistil=3 (1-4), Ovules/locule=?.
Capsule or Berry.
Alternate or Whorled.
Simple, often with Sheathing Base.
Other distinctive features:
Plants Herbaceous; Flowers generally showy; Stigmas often one and 3-lobed or three and distinct.
|Profile Diagram of Flower
||Transverse Diagram of Flower
Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2003). An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny
Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants:
APG II. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 141: 399-436 (Available
text (HTML) | Full
The Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. (1998) An Ordinal Classification for the Families of Flowering Plants. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. 
Carr, Gerald. Vascular Plant Family Page.
Judd, W. S., C. S. Campbell, E. A. Kellogg, P. F. Stevens, & M.
J. Donoghue. 2007. Plant Systematics: A Phylogenetic Approach, 3rd ed.
> Family Checklist
Core Systematics Curriculum Module. University of Hawai'i at Manoa,
Department of Botany. Honolulu, HI.